Answer was final: his country Phone Number List was backward and he had not made any contribution to civilization. Such a sentence earned him the accusation of "insane" by Tsarism, but it gave rise to the famous debate between Slavophiles and Westerners Phone Number List around the 1840s regarding the national destiny, which would be seminal in guiding the gaze of the future. That intellectual dispute would be recycled several times over almost two centuries each time Phone Number List Russia faced an identity crisis.
The dissolution of the USSR in 1991 seemed to revive Phone Number List those anxieties and concerns, in a society that was left without its country and in a country that lost its place as world superpower in a matter of days. The responses rehearsed by Boris Yeltsin, the first president of post-Soviet Russia, were erratic and in tune with the implementation of the Phone Number List shock doctrine and "wild" neoliberalism6. While the new capitalist government made up of the old communists privatized state assets at ridiculous prices, deregulated the economy and opened up to international financial markets, his Phone Number List speech aimed at disqualifying everything that referred to a centralized economy and state intervention.
While millions of people became Phone Number List poorer, the economy de-industrialized and the country lost its status as a power, the contribution of the new Russian elite to a national identity that would replace the Soviet one only added confusion and disenchantment, if not an ambiguous revaluation of the past. imperial. In this context of bewilderment, it did not take long for voices to Phone Number List emerge that began to yearn for the repudiated Soviet past until not long ago. The arrival to the Presidency of Vladimir Putin in 2000 did not Phone Number List mean a radical break with respect to his predecessor. On the contrary, his policies continued the path.